This photo shows an example of an Anti-Removal petition from Ohio in the 1830’s. Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren’s policy of Indian population removal, which lead to the Trail of Tears and thousands of deaths, was not uncontested or passively allowed at the time. Nearly half of Congress opposed it, as did petition writers all over the nation. So did one of the President’s former friends and of course, most of the elected representatives of the Cherokee people. These debates happened not in modern times but then. One of Jackson’s friends voted against so he would not be Ashamed in the Day of Judgment and sought the Presidency in his stead.